Hand Injury

Anyone with a hand injury should consider visiting a doctor or seek medical attention. Some common symptoms of hand injuries can include tenderness, numbness, weakness, decrease range of motion, infections, burns and bleeding. A seemingly insignificant hand injury may indeed require advanced treatment in order to prevent infection or loss of function.

Fractures and dislocations usually cause swelling and discoloration. Injuries to the hand that are accompanied with severe bleeding, loss of motion or strength, or deformity require emergency medical attention at a hospital’s emergency department. Do not wait to seek treatment.

A severe hand injury that breaks the skin can expose underlying structures, such as tendons, bones, joints, arteries, veins, or nerves. This type of injury will require significant treatment or surgery. It is important to stay alert for any of the signs of infection, such as tenderness, local warmth, redness, swelling, pus, or fever.

Seek emergency medical care immediately if wounds are due to an animal or human bite. A common cause of a human bite wound is when a punch strikes the opponent’s teeth and results in a cut on the hand. A bite injury may appear minor, but can lead to severe infections with significant deformity or disability. These injuries have a very high rate of severe infections.

Prevention

Timely management strategies and appropriate medical evaluation and treatment for any injury is the key to decreasing long-term effects.

The most frequently injured part of a child’s body are the hands. The most common pediatric hand injuries are finger injuries and fractures, tendon injuries, and burns.

Treatment should be individualized to the patient’s skeletal maturity, injury type, and severity. Pediatric hand specialists can treat numerous hand problems, such as traumatic injuries, complex injuries involving tendons and nerves, congenital abnormalities, and infections. It is important to follow-up with the proper specialists for any pediatric hand fracture.

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